Commercial and Company Law
Commercial and company law are key areas of our practice.
We provide complex service in this area to domestic and international entities.
The services include establishment of companies, branches, rep offices, joint ventures, corporate restructuring and corporate governance solutions; legal due diligence of companies and transactions; day-to day corporate services and assistance; regular work on a broad range of commercial contracts and transaction-related legal issues; liquidation & deletion of companies.
The Incoterms rules are an internationally recognized standard and are used worldwide in international and domestic contracts for the sale of goods. By agreeing on an Incoterms rule and incorporating it into the sales contract, you can achieve a precise understanding of what each party is obliged to do, and where responsibility lies in event of loss, damage or other mishap. Legal certainty is essential in trade contracts and that is what the Incoterms offer. In CGS Law office we have colleagues that are specifically trained to work with Incoterms. Therefore, if you wish to conclude international trade contract and incorporate the Incoterms or you already have one, but there is a pending legal dispute, we have the right people to help you.
Under Bulgarian law (“Investment Promotion Act”) investors can obtain certificates for class of their investment. Depending on the size of the investment, the economic sector and region in which the investment is implemented, the investor can receive a certificate for class of investment. If you are an investor who wishes to benefit from the stimulating measures that IPA offers, in CGS we will :
- provide you with information on the certification process of investment projects under the Investment Promotion Act (IPA).
- inform you about the benefits that you can enjoy under IPA.
- prepare the documents that you need in order to apply for a certificate of a specific class.
Taxes and tax planning are crucial for each commercial transaction and entity. Therefore, we advise our clients on all tax related issues in the field of commercial transactions and business operations, including: general corporate and commercial tax matters; VAT registrations; tax aspects of corporate restructuring; general advice and reviews on direct or indirect tax liability and customs duty and compliance procedures;corporate and individual taxation; avoidance of double taxation; tax disputes.
Administrative and Regulatory
We provide advice and consultancy on various compliance legal issues and ensure full conformity of the businesses and activities of our clients with the respective regulative requirements. We provide full assistance related to applications for government approvals, licenses and registrations.
We provide drafting of full tender documentation and assisting on all stages of tender process; advise on joint ventures structuring for the purposes of tender participation; defense against illegal and improper actions of administration; challenging acts of executive bodies in front of public authorities, procurement review authorities (the Commission on Protection of Competition) and administrative courts of all instances.
Our knowledge in the area of public procurement is based on a wide experience in consultancy of both participants and contracting authorities participating in public procurements.
Support to contracting authorities in the process of awarding of public procurements. Consultancy and analysis on the choice of specific procedures, drafting of full documentation on each phase of the respective procedure.
Support of contractors participating in all kind of public procurement procedures. Drafting and review of documentation. Coordination of practices and submission of applications to Public Procurement Agency for practical and methodological instructions and opinion on the application of the active legislation in the process of awarding of public procurement. Appeal of the acts of the contracting authorities subject to appeal before the Commission for protection of competition and Supreme Administrative Court.
CGS Law firm has a special Embassy Desk that provides tailored legal services for Embassies, Consulates, Diplomats and Expats.
We gladly provide legal advice to Embassies, Consulates and diplomats on:
- Diplomatic immunity
- Diplomatic inviolability
- Public International Law
- Vienna Conventions on Diplomatic and Consular Relations
- United Nations Convention on Jurisdictional Immunities of States and Their Property
- Employment law issues
- Buying, selling and leasing of Embassies and Ambassadors’ accommodation
- Legal position of expats in Bulgaria
- Advising companies from the sending state on corporate legal issues.
EU competition law affects practically all business active in Europe. Undertakings operating in the internal market have to comply with EU competition rules on a daily basis. Non-compliance may lead to severe fines and behavioral and structural remedies with significant implications for future business. In the same time, the legal framework is very complex and detailed. Many business owners fail to comply with it, simply because they fail to understand the complex rules. However, in CGS Law office we can provide you with competent advice on competition law matters. We understand in depth the regulatory framework applicable to economic activities in Europe and we offer informed solutions.
Our team provides consultation and advice in а wide variety of aspects of intellectual property including drafting of license agreements, franchising agreements; assistance in protection of copyrights and know-how, research, drafting and registration of Bulgarian, Community trade marks and worldwide trade marks and design applications.
Christova & Partners provides full assistance to individual clients and companies on out of court agreements and dispute resolutions of various employment issues.
Our expertise ranges over both employment relations under the Labor Code and government employment relations in line with the Government Official Act.
We provide drafting of individual and collective employment agreements, additional agreements and annexes, regulations on the internal employment rules; employer’s orders, job descriptions, minutes, resolutions, decisions and all other documents related to employment issues.
We provide consultancy and drafting of documents related to termination of the employment relations such as notices, order, imposing of disciplinary sanctions, selection minutes, payment of compensations and other documentation necessary.
FAMILY AND INHERITANCE LAW
Christova & Partners practically covers full range of consultancy on issues related to family and inheritance law.
We provide consultancy and representation in court on divorces based on mutual agreement or according to general proceedings, maintenance, exercising of parental rights, guardianship and custody.
We draft and assist on matrimonial and pre-matrimonial agreements; agreements for leaving the country by under aged children; agreements on disposal with property of under aged children; challenging of origin and filiating; fathering; wills and testaments; separation of mutual property; rejection of heritage and acceptance of heritage under inventory.
Our litigation practice is an asset we are proud of. In the recent years we accumulated solid experience in representation under numerous cases of commercial, civil and administrative character with extensive factual and legal complexity and substantial material interest.
Our preparation includes thorough preliminary and ongoing analysis of each specific case.
Our distinguished capabilities as litigation lawyers and our creative approach result in successful decisions for our clients.
Christova & Partners holds significant expertise in providing services in forcible execution with purpose of debt collection. The accumulated experience of the partners includes work on collection of receivables of two Bulgarian banks and a leasing company.
We apply result oriented approach in discovering of solutions in favor of our clients. We provide the necessary analysis for the methods of debt collection. We know the possible risks and complications in the forcible execution and we advise on the right and timely measures for collection of receivables.
We advise startup and early stage clients on a broad range of matters, including term sheets, seed deals, venture capital and angel investment, convertible loans, IP protection, commercialisation and general legal compliance.
We represent startup companies through all phases of their growth and have experience in dealing with venture financing.
We understand the essentials of building a new business and the importance of having the right foundation. We are prospective partner for your business rather than simply start-up lawyers.
We offer comprehensive services to foreign entities and individuals who wish to use the Bulgarian banking system tо open accounts in any currency and set-up internet banking. For this purpose we organize translation and legalization of the necessary documents and prepare the necessary powers of attorney, which eliminates the requirement for a physical presence of the customer.
We have a very well developed network of contacts in a number of Bulgarian banks, which allows us to offer the most simplified procedures and favorable conditions for our customers.
We provide services on registration and purchase of offshore companies from various offshore jurisdictions;
Translation and legalization of corporate documents of offshore companies;
Setting up bank accounts and online banking for offshore companies.
Industrial Property Representation
Registration and enforcement of patents, utility models, trade marks (national, European Union and WIPO trade marks registrations), geographical indications, industrial design (national and community design);
intellectual property management, searches, trade mark and patent watching, protection against unfair competition, consumer protection;